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Carbon Monoxide Information

Carbon Monoxide

Other Names

Carbonic oxide

Chemical Formula

CO

CAS Number

630-08-0

Industry Uses

Machinery, Automotives, Furnaces, Breweries

Health Risks

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning; headaches, dizziness, loss of consciousness, death; Neurological, reproductive, and/or respiratory damage

Vapor Pressure

>35 atm

Water Solubility

Slightly Soluble

Flammability

Extremely Flammable

Odor

None

Carbon Monoxide MSDS

What is Carbon Monoxide?

Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, toxic gas. It is predominately produced by incomplete combustion of carbon-containing materials. Incomplete combustion occurs when insufficient oxygen is used in the fuel (hydrocarbon) burning process. Consequently, more carbon monoxide than carbon dioxide is emitted. This occurs in vehicle exhausts, fuel burning furnaces, coal burning power plants, gasoline engines and generators, power washers, fire places, grills, water heaters, and forklifts.

Carbon Monoxide Exposure and Health Risks

Carbon monoxide is extremely dangerous. It impedes the blood's ability to carry oxygen to tissues and organs. When carbon monoxide is inhaled, it binds to hemoglobin which greatly diminishes its ability to carry oxygen. Hemoglobin's binding affinity for carbon monoxide is 300 times greater than its affinity for oxygen. Common symptoms of carbon monoxide exposure are headache, nausea, rapid breathing, exhaustion, dizziness, confusion, and blurry vision. Hypoxia (severe oxygen deficiency) caused by carbon monoxide exposure can result in neurological, reproductive, and respiratory damage that may or may not be reversible. Carbon monoxide poisoning can occur very quickly, especially for young children, elderly, people with respiratory diseases, smokers, and people at high altitudes.

If you suspect carbon monoxide poisoning, immediately move the victim to fresh air and call 911 for assistance. Carbon monoxide levels may be higher in boiler rooms, garages, breweries, warehouses, refineries, paper and steel production facilities, loading docks, and furnace or oven rooms. Workers in these areas as well as anyone who works in or near automotive vehicles should be aware of the risks and symptoms.

Regulations

The table below summarizes the most-recent exposure limits.

Limit/Level

Type

Organization

Not Recommended

AEGL-1 (8 hrs)

EPA

420 ppm

AEGL-2 (10 min)

EPA

27 ppm

AEGL-2 (8 hrs)

EPA

1,700 ppm

AEGL-3 (10 min)

EPA

130 ppm

AEGL-3 (8 hrs)

EPA

35 ppm

TWA (8 hrs)

NIOSH

50 ppm

TWA (8 hrs)

OSHA

Sources: NIOSH, OSHA, EPA

Measuring Carbon Monoxide

Carbon Monoxide is be measured in the air by units of parts per million (ppm). Measuring dissolved carbon monoxide levels, especially in areas of high exhaust can help prevent carbon monoxide poisoning and death. We carry portable and fixed carbon monoxide monitors and kits, and all of our carbon monoxide products can be viewed HERE.

Contact us for help choosing the right monitor for your application

Our full line of Carbon Monoxide (CO) monitoring solutions are shown below

Pocket CO, Model 300

Small, lightweight, and low cost.  Perfect for handheld personnel safety.

0-500 PPM range with integreated audible alarms in a package that weighs only 1 oz, makes this a perfect monitor for daily use.

 

GasAlert CO

Rugged and versatile.  This feature rich sensor is capable, with integrated audible alarm and datalogging capabilities.

0-1000 ppm range and intrinsically safe design make this a great monitor for personnel safety in hazardous environments.

C-16 PortaSens

The C-16 allows for multiple gas sensors go be purchased and used.  With a fast response time, and features such as data logging, alarms, and min,max,avg recording, this is a great all around gas sensor for most every use.

In the C-16 page choose the sensor that is right for you. Carbon Monoxide sensor is available in a 0-200 ppm range.  Also choose other sensors that may be right for you.

The sensors used in the C-16 are also directly interchangeable with either the F-12, or D-12 toxic gas transmitters.  This makes the C-16 the perfect handheld device to use along with wall mounted toxic gas transmitters

Series-200 Monitor

The Series-200 Monitor Carbon Monoxide heads are available in 0-25 ppm or 0-100 ppm ranges.  Sensor technologies of Gas Sensitive Semiconductor (GSS), or Electrochemical (ECM) are also available. 

The Series-200 can be configured with a variety of other gas detecting heads to provide you with additional flexibility.

The Series-200 boasts:

  • audible alarm

  • min/max/avg recording

Series-300 Monitor

The Series-300 Monitor Carbon Monoxide heads are available in 0-25 ppm or 0-100 ppm ranges.  Sensor technologies of Gas Sensitive Semiconductor (GSS), or Electrochemical (ECM) are also available. 

The Series-300 can be configured with a variety of other gas detecting heads to provide you with additional flexibility.

The Series-300 boasts:

  • audible alarm

  • min/max/avg recording

  • internal relays for external control of devices or alarms

Series-500 Monitor

The Series-500 Monitor Carbon Monoxide heads are available in 0-25 ppm or 0-100 ppm ranges.  Sensor technologies of Gas Sensitive Semiconductor (GSS), or Electrochemical (ECM) are also available. 

The Series-500 can be configured with a variety of other gas detecting heads to provide you with additional flexibility.

The Series-500 boasts:

  • audible alarm

  • min/max/avg recording

  • internal relays for external control of devices or alarms

  • integrated data logging with industry leading desktop software

Series-900 Controller

The Series-900 Controller Carbon Monoxide heads are available in 0-25 ppm or 0-100 ppm ranges.  Sensor technologies of Gas Sensitive Semiconductor (GSS), or Electrochemical (ECM) are also available. 

The Series-900 can be configured with a variety of other gas detecting heads to provide you with additional flexibility.

The Series-900 boasts:

  • Versatile controller with 4-20mA output and RS-485 output

  • 2 alarm relays and 2 control relays that are user settable

F-12 Toxic Gas Detector

The F-12 allows for multiple gas sensors go be purchased and used.  The F-12 is configurable with options such as and intrinsically safe enclosure, remote mounted sensors and others.

In the F-12 page choose the sensor that is right for you. Carbon Monoxide sensor is available in a 0-200 ppm range.  Also choose other sensors that may be right for you.

D-12 Toxic Gas Transmitter

The D-12 allows for multiple gas sensors go be purchased and used.  The D-12 is designed for operation in hazardous areas. The cast aluminum housing for the D12 transmitter is rated for Class 1, Division 1, Group B, C, D locations and is UL, FM, and CSA certified.

In the D-12 page choose the sensor that is right for you. Carbon Monoxide sensor is available in a 0-200 ppm range.  Also choose other sensors that may be right for you.

 

 

 

 

 


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