Carbon Dioxide Information

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Carbon Dioxide

Other Names

Carbonic anhydride, dry ice

Chemical Formula

CO2

CAS Number

124-38-9

Industry Uses

Agricultural Chemicals, Food processing and packaging, Fuel and oil related products

Health Risks

Cold contact burns; Increased respiration rate; headache; unconsciousness, death

Vapor Pressure

56.5 atm

Water Solubility

Miscible

Flammability

Not Flammable

Odor

None

Carbon Dioxide MSDS

What is Carbon Dioxide?

Carbon Dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas that is formed by the body and is essential for the respiration cycle of plants and animals. It is mostly nontoxic unless concentrations become elevated. Compressed containers of carbon dioxide can explode when heated, but the gas is noncombustible. It is used to freeze food, carbonate beverages, extinguish fires, and has various uses in agricultural and medical applications. Carbon dioxide is often released into the atmosphere as a result of fossil fuel use and deforestation. Carbon Dioxide makes up about 81% of U.S. Greenhouse Gas emissions. Excess carbon dioxide causes ocean acidification as well, making it one of the primary factors to climate change.

Carbon Dioxide Exposure and Health Risks

Carbon Dioxide is naturally occurring and makes up about half a percent of our atmosphere. Carbon Dioxide is naturally formed by the body and expelled as waste from the cellular respiration cycle. The inability to expel carbon dioxide results in a build-up of concentration in the body, leading to headaches, increased respiration, and in extreme cases unconsciousness or death. Solid and liquid carbon dioxide can also cause cold contact burns and frostbite.

Regulations

The table below summarizes the most-recent exposure limits.

Limit/Level

Type

Organization

5,000 ppm

TWA (8 hrs)

NIOSH

10,000 ppm

TWA (8 hrs)

OSHA

30,000 ppm

Short Term Exposure Limit

OSHA

Sources: NIOSH, OSHA

Measuring Carbon Dioxide

Carbon Dioxide can be measured in the air or in water (dissolved) by units of parts per million (ppm). Measuring dissolved carbon dioxide levels can help prevent acidification which destroys aquatic ecosystems. We carry portable, fixed, and dissolved carbon dioxide monitors and kits, and all of our carbon dioxide products can be viewed HERE.

Contact us for help choosing the right monitor for your application